Multiple Sclerosis in Rockledge, FL
What is multiple sclerosis?
Multiple sclerosis is a neurological condition that causes damage within the central nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord. The nerve damage worsens over time and can cause serious complications such as vision loss and muscle weakness. Fortunately, treatment can limit the damage that multiple sclerosis causes.
As an autoimmune disease, multiple sclerosis comes from an overactive immune system. Your immune system normally gets rid of disease-causing invaders such as viruses and bacteria, but an autoimmune disorder causes it to attack healthy tissue too. With multiple sclerosis, your immune system damages the layer called the myelin sheath that surrounds your nerves.
A functional myelin sheath helps nerve signals travel quickly through your nerves; communication is not as efficient without it.
Which type of multiple sclerosis do I have?
There are three main types of multiple sclerosis, and the team at Knight Neurology can tell you which type you have based on the results of your evaluation. You might have:
RRMS is the most common type of multiple sclerosis of the four. It causes intermittent flare-ups of symptoms between periods of remission that can become more severe over time.
Primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS)
PPMS is multiple sclerosis with no flare-ups or remission periods. Instead, it causes ongoing symptoms that gradually worsen with time.
Secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS)
SPMS is a type of multiple sclerosis that can develop after RRMS. The symptoms progressively worsen, and the periods of remission may disappear.
When you first experience symptoms of multiple sclerosis, you might receive an initial diagnosis of a condition called clinically isolated syndrome (CIS). CIS involves an episode of neurological symptoms from a loss of myelin sheath that lasts for at least 24 hours. After this initial episode, you may or may not develop multiple sclerosis.
What are my treatment options for multiple sclerosis?
The experts at Knight Neurology treat all types of multiple sclerosis using a conservative, personalized approach. While multiple sclerosis currently has no cure, treatments can help you manage the symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. Coupled with a healthy lifestyle, these treatments can help you manage your symptoms:
- Disease-modifying therapies (DMTs)
- Relapse management medications (e.g., corticosteroids)
- Plasma exchange
- Physical therapy
The providers at Knight Neurology create your treatment plan and check in with you regularly. They can also coordinate your care with other experts like physical and occupational therapists.